Converts a time as returned by the time function to a 9-element list with the time analyzed for the local time zone. Typically used as follows:
All list elements are numeric, and come straight out of the C `struct
are the seconds, minutes, and hours
of the specified time.
is the day of the month, and
is the month itself, in
with 0 indicating January and 11 indicating December.
This makes it easy to get a month name from a list:
is the number of years since 1900, not just the last two digits
of the year. That is,
in year 2023. The proper way
to get a complete 4-digit year is simply:
- $year += 1900;
Otherwise you create non-Y2K-compliant programs--and you wouldn't want to do that, would you?
To get the last two digits of the year (e.g., '01' in 2001) do:
- $year = sprintf("%02d", $year % 100);
is the day of the week, with 0 indicating Sunday and 3 indicating
is the day of the year, in the range
in leap years.)
is true if the specified time occurs during Daylight Saving
Time, false otherwise.
If EXPR is omitted,
localtime() uses the current time (as returned
In scalar context,
localtime() returns the ctime(3) value:
- $now_string = localtime; # e.g., "Thu Oct 13 04:54:34 1994"
This scalar value is not locale dependent but is a Perl builtin. For GMT
instead of local time use the "gmtime" builtin. See also the
module (to convert the second, minutes, hours, ... back to
the integer value returned by time()), and the POSIX module's strftime(3)
and mktime(3) functions.
To get somewhat similar but locale dependent date strings, set up your locale environment variables appropriately (please see perllocale) and try for example:
Note that the
, the short forms of the day of the week
and the month of the year, may not necessarily be three characters wide.
See "localtime" in perlport for portability concerns.
For a comprehensive date and time representation look at the DateTime module on CPAN.